Reflection Energy Outflow

Snow, ice and clouds typically reflect 70% to 90% of the sunlight that shines on them. In contrast, land and ocean typically reflect only 10% to 40% of the incoming solar energy, and absorb the rest. Overall 30% of the incoming solar energy is immediately reflected back to outer space and does not heat the planet.

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Content originates from either the Education Resources Information Center (ERIC), from other sources vetted by WestEd (WestEd) or by the Pacific Islands Climate Education Partnership (PCEP), or from self-reported (and non-vetted) material entered directly by users/members.
Airborne particles, called "aerosols," have a complex effect on Earth's energy balance: they can cause both cooling, by reflecting incoming sunlight back out to space, and warming, by absorbing hea... Explanation Atmosphere, Reflection Energy Outflow, Life Affects Climate Grades 6-8, Grades 9-12, College Climate Literacy: The Essential Principles of Climate Science PCEP
Energy enters the Earth system in the form of sunlight. About 30% of that input solar energy is immediately reflected t outer space and does not heat the planet. Different features of Earth reflect... Explanation Solar Energy Input, Reflection Energy Outflow Grades 6-8, Grades 9-12, College Climate Science Overview PCEP

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