Key Idea This Key Idea has an illustration and text explaining adaptation strategies to build resilience of coral/fisheries and coastal vegetation. Click "View Source" on the right to see the illustration and read the detailed description.

The best way to prepare for climate change and avoid negative impacts to important resources is to keep these resources as healthy and strong as possible. Each adaptation strategy requires a different amount of capacity/inputs,including money, people, and expertise. It is important to understand which natural and social resources are most important and most vulnerable to climate change to help decide which strategies to undertake.

Coral Reefs and Fisheries Adaptation Strategies: Establish a Locally Marine Managed Area (LMMA) that includes protection of herbivorous fish (e.g., parrotfish, surgeonfish) that eat algae and lessen the chance of bleached coral dying; protection of spawning aggregations; protection of coral reefs that are near upwelling, flushing, and/or shading; protection of a range of habitats (beach, mangrove, seagrass, coral) to ensure important species are protected throughout their life. Deploy pelagic fish aggregation devices to reduce pressure on reef fish. Develop small pond aquaculture if resources are available. Develop supplementary or alternative livelihoods that are less dependent on reefs.

Coastal Lands and Vegetation Adaptation Strategies: Re-plant native coastal vegetation (mangroves, trees); establish community rules to protect mangroves, coastal vegetation, and seagrass beds (e.g., set-backs of homes and coastal infrastructure); and coastal protection choosing wisely where and how (e.g., hard options with concrete or soft options with sandbags). Work with local and national governments to ensure buildings and roads are not built on shorelines where they are susceptible to sea level rise. Reduce cutting of vegetation by using appropriate fuel or renewable energy sources for cooking.

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