Key Idea Threats to human health will increase. Major health risks include heat stress, waterborne diseases (due to heavy downpours and higher temperatures), poor air quality, extreme weather events, diseases caused by insects and rodents, and pollen increase. Children, the elderly, and the poor are the most vulnerable to climate-related health effects.
Climate change poses unique challenges to human health including heat waves and severe storms, ailments caused or exacerbated by air pollution and airborne allergens, and many climate-sensitive infectious diseases...The probability of exacerbated health risks due to climate change points to the need to maintain a strong public health infrastructure to help limit future impacts.

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